永利澳门app下载

科普:量子是什么?从“微观世界规律”到人类“新物理革命”

发布时间:2020-10-20 14:34 来源:摘自科技日报 阅读次数:
字体:【    】

永利澳门app下载xinhuashehefei10yue19ridian ti:kepu:liangzishishenme?cong“weiguanshijieguilv”daorenlei“xinwuligeming”

jizhexuhaitao、dongruifeng

永利澳门app下载19shijimo,ouzhouyixiexuezherenweicongniudunlixuedaorelixue、diancililun,renleide“wulixuedasha”yiquanbujiancheng,zaimeiyouduoshaokeyanjiudele。

永利澳门app下载danshi,zai1900nian,deguowulixuejiamakesi·pulangketichuleliangzililun,weirenleikaiqiletansuo“weiguanshijieguilv”de“xinwuligeming”。liangzililunyeyuxiangduilunyiqi,chengweixiandaiwulixueliangdazhizhu。

dakai“liangzizhimen”:weiguanshijielideqimiao“diejia”yu“jiuchan”

liangzishishenme?genjuliangzililun,liangzishizuixiaode、bukezaifengedenengliangdanwei。womenzhongxuewulishushangtidaodefenzi、yuanzi、dianzi,qishidoushiliangzidebutongxingshi。keyishuo,womendeshijieyouliangzizucheng,womenmeigerendoushi“24k”chunliangzichanpin。

永利澳门app下载zaiwomenrichangshenghuodehongguanshijieli,wutideweizhi、sududeng,doukeyitongguojingdianlixuejingquecesuan。danzaiweiguanliangzishijieli,queyouzhejieranbutongdeqimiaowuliguize,zuiyoudaibiaoxingdeshi“diejia”yu“jiuchan”。

zaihongguanshijie,renhewutizaimouyishikedouyouquedingdezhuangtaiheweizhi。danzaiweiguanshijie,liangziquetongshichuyuduozhongzhuangtaiheduogeweizhide“diejia”。

wulixuejiaxuedingecengyongyizhimaobiyuliangzidiejia:xiangziliyouyizhimao,zaihongguanshijiezhongtayaomeshihuode,yaomeshiside。danzailiangzishijiezhong,takeyitongshichuyushenghesiliangzhongzhuangtaidediejia。

永利澳门app下载ruguoyongyigerenlaibiyu,tabujintongshichuyushenghesiliangzhongzhuangtaidediejia,haikeyitongshishenchuduogedidian,birujizaibeijingyouzaishanghai。

gengnanyixiangxiangdeshi,liangzidezhuangtaihaijingbuqi“kan”:ruguoniquceliang,tajiuhuicongduogezhuangtai、duogeweizhi,bianchengyigequedingdezhuangtaiheweizhile。yejiushishuo,ruguonidakai“xuedingedexiangzi”,maodediejiataijiuhuixiaoshi,nihuikandaoyizhihuomaohuoyizhisimao。er“liangziren”de“fenshenshu”yehuixiaoshi,tahuichuxianzaibeijinghuoshanghai。

永利澳门app下载diejiayijinghenqimiao,dandanglianggeliangzi“jiuchan”zaiyiqi,neizhongqiguailianaiyinsitandounanyijieshou。

genjuliangzililun,ruguolianggeliangzizhijianxingcheng“jiuchantai”,neimewulunxianggeduoyuan,dangyigeliangzidezhuangtaifashengbianhua,lingyigeyehui“shunjian”fashengxiangyingbianhua。aiyinsitancengbazheiyixianxiangchengzuo“guimeibandechaojuzuoyong”。

cong“beidong”dao“zhudong”,liangci“liangzigeming”shenkegaibianrenleiwenming

liangzililundanshengyibaiduonianlai,guojixuejieyunyongduozhongshiyanheshuxuefangfajianyanjunfaxian,liangzideqimiaotexingkeguancunzai。

“liangzilixueshiyigeshenmide、lingrenzhuomobutoudexueke,womensheidoutanbushangzhenzhenglijie,zhishizhidaozenyangquyunyongta。”meiguowulixuejia、nuobeierjianghuodezhemulei·gaiermancengzheiyangshuo。

永利澳门app下载“liangzililundechuxian,zaishangshijiyinfadiyiciliangzigeming,cuishenglexiandaixinxijishu。”zhongkeyuanyuanshi、zhongguokexuejishudaxuechangwufuxiaozhangpanjianweijieshao,jiyuliangzililun,heneng、jiguang、bandaotidengkejideyiwenshi,jinerfazhanchujisuanji、hulianwang、shoujidengzhongdayingyong。

永利澳门app下载jinru21shiji,liangzilingyudexinfaxian、xinlilun、xinjishumijiyongxian,yushizhe“dierciliangzigeming”yijinrujiasuqi、qipaoqi。

永利澳门app下载“dierciliangzigemingdezhanguyiqiaoxiang!”yingguo《ziran》zazhipinglunshuo。

“diyiciliangzigeming,renmenzhiwenliangzililunnengrangwomenzuoshenme,buquwenweishenme,shibeidongdeguanceyuyingyong。”zhongkeyuanyuanshi、zhongkeyuanliangzixinxizhongdianshiyanshizhurenguoguangcanshuo,dierciliangzigemingzeshizhudongliyongliangzitexing,kaifachuliangzitongxin、liangzijisuanheliangzijingmiceliangdengchuangxinyingyong。

永利澳门app下载zheixieyingyongdegemingxingzainali?jiandanlaishuo,liangzitongxinkeyizaililunshangzuodaotongxindejueduibaomi,liangzijisuankeyilingrenleideyunsuannenglishixianzhishujizengzhang,biruchuantongjisuanjixuyaoshuwanniancainengpojiedefuzamima,liangzijisuanjijimiaozhongneijiunengpojie。chuantongceliangjishuzuixiaozhinengtancedaoweimiliangji,erliangziceliangkeyijinyibujingxiqianbei、wanbeidadaoyuanziliangji。

永利澳门app下载zhongguoliangzijueqi,meihaoweilaikeqi

rujin,liangzikejiyichengweiguojishangfengqiyunyongdezhanlvekeyanfangxiang。jinqi,oumengnitouzi80yiouyuanzhichixinyidaichaojijisuanjishu,liangzijisuanshiqizhongzhongyaoneirong。meiguokaitongguojialiangzixiediaobangongshiwangzhan,bingfabulejujiaobadayanjiulingyude《liangziqianyanbaogao》。

erjingguosanshiduoniannuli,zhongguoyijueqiweiguojiliangzikeyanbantushangdezhongyaoliliang,zaiduogezhanlvefangxiangshangshixianlingpaohuojinrudiyizhenying。

jinnianlai,woguoduocichuangzaoliangzibitejiuchanshuliangdeshijiejilu;fasheshijieshoukeliangzishiyanweixing“mozihao”,shixianqianlijiuchan、xingdichuanmi、yinxingchuantaisandakexuemubiao;kaitongshijieshoutiaoliangzibaomitongxinganxian“jinghuganxian”,shixianshijieshoucizhoujiliangzibaomitongxin。

dangqian,liangzikejiyijinru“chanyehuaqianye”。zhanwangweilai,liangzijisuanyouwangweiyaowuyanfa、nengyuankantan、jinrongfenxi、qixiangyubaodengdaguimojisuantigongquanxinfangan;liangziceliangfahuiceliangjingdu、lingminduyoushi,youwangzaikeyan、yiliao、nengyuan、zaihaiyufangdenglingyudaxianshenshou;liangzitongxinrongheliangzijisuanjishu,gouchenggaosu、anquande“liangzihulianwang”,yurengongzhineng、qukuailiandengjishuxiangjiehe,keweirenleishenghuozengtianwuxiankeneng。